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The Importance of Using External Controls in Molecular Microbiology

The Importance of Using External Controls in Molecular Microbiology

Quality assurance or QA refers to the quality control activities relevant to analytical procedures conducted in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Quality assurance should incorporate external and internal quality evaluations. Applying quality control devices in molecular microbiology assays is crucial to ensure precise results and proper patient management. External Quality assurance is sometimes used correspondingly with…

Use of monoclonal antibodies in fight against COVID

Use of monoclonal antibodies in fight against COVID

Monoclonal antibodies are a type of therapeutic agent under research for the treatment of COVID-19. These agents are often created by classifying pathogen-specific B cells of patients who have recently recovered from the virus or by immunizing genetically mutated mice to have a humanized immune system and accumulating effective antibodies from them. Once the B…

All You Need to Know about the COVID-19 Cytokine Storm

All You Need to Know about the COVID-19 Cytokine Storm

COVID-19 is a swiftly spreading global threat declared a pandemic by the WHO. Coronavirus is transmitted via droplets or unmediated contact. It infects the respiratory tract resulting in pneumonia in most situations and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in around 20 % of cases. Fatality in COVID-19 patients has been linked to the proximity of…

Neutralizing Antibodies for the COVID-19 treatment

Neutralizing Antibodies for the COVID-19 treatment

The severe acute respiratory syndrome, also known as SARS-CoV-2 or the Covid-19 has caused unusual global health and economic dilemmas. Numerous vaccine strategies and repurposed drugs are currently under evaluation for safety and efficiency. Meanwhile, diverse neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (nMAbs) targeting SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein are in diverging stages of clinical trials and antibody development.  Preclinical…

West Nile Virus Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatments

West Nile Virus Symptoms Diagnosis and Treatments

West Nile Virus West Nile virus, commonly abbreviated as WNV, is a flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae transmitted to humans through mosquito bites or through their contact with infected blood. In most cases, patients are asymptomatic but the infection can cause a self-limited influenza-like illness, West Nile fever (WNF) or very rarely, West Nile neuroinvasive…

Facts of Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses and their Impact

Facts of Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses and their Impact

What is Influenza (Flu)? Influenza (flu) is a transmittable respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. The flu is an infectious respiratory illness  that infects the nose, throat, and lungs; it can cause mild to severe illness. Grave results of flu infection may necessitate hospitalization or even cause death. The best method to avert flu is…

How to strengthen your immune system against COVID-19?

How to strengthen your immune system against COVID-19?

The immune system protects the body from dangerous elements like viruses and bacteria that cause illnesses. An immune system is surprisingly complex and needs to be strong and refined enough to fight various diseases and infections. Yet, it is not so strong that it overreacts unnecessarily, causing allergies and other autoimmune disorders to develop. To…